Photo Dynamic Therapy (PDT Light Therapy)

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The Radiant PDT skin-rejuvenation system uses American, original LED photo biology technology with a purity of 99% light, to target skin tissue (dermis), increase the density of organized connective tissue and the formation (regeneration) of new connective tissue. The LED treatment has no thermal effect, no injury and no discomfort on the skin, which is not possible with other IPL and Laser devices.

Scope of treatment

Red light: The red light is selectively absorbed, by pigments and capillaries, which results in skin rejuvenation - skin tightening, pigmentation (sun and age spots), vascular reduction, scar-reduction and an increase in recovery to damaged skin (wound healing).

Blue light: The blue light reduces inflammation in the sebaceous gland, and eliminates P. acnes bacteria.

Mixed light: The combination of red and blue light improves micro circulation to increase the skin fibrocyte to generate new connective tissue and elastin, and reconstruct the dermal connective tissue structure. This combination of light reduces fine lines and wrinkles, decreases pore size and effectively enhances skin elasticity and texture.

 

LED therapy benefits:

  • Stimulates connective tissue production
  • Reduces hyper-pigmentation and age spot
  • Reduces pore size
  • Reduces acne scars and acne
  • Increase skin elasticity and improve circulation
  • Reduces the overall redness, flushing and dilated capillaries of rosacea and improves the recovery from these common chronic facial disorders.

Advantages:

  • No pain, no side effects, or downtime
  • Remarkably safe and effective for all skin types
  • Non-thermal, non-invasive, and non-ablative
  • Fast and convenient
  • Treats large areas such as the entire face or chest
  • No after-care is needed
  • Compatible with other skin rejuvenation techniques
  • Comprehensive anti-ageing skin care regimen.

 

Conditions:

Loss of Connective tissue

Connective tissue is an helical protein found throughout the body. At least 27 different types of connective tissue have been identified, with type’s I-IV being the most prominent in the human body. All serve the same purpose--to protect tissues from stretching. Connective tissue comprises approximately 25 percent of all the protein found in the body and supports and strengthens bones, teeth, tendons, skin and internal organs.

Connective tissue degradation is a natural part of ageing.

Unfortunately, the break down of proteins like connective tissue is an unavoidable part of the ageing process. Loss of elasticity and strength results in sagging skin and wrinkles. However, connective tissue maintains its structural integrity for longer if it is protected from environmental threats like UV exposure.

Pigmentation and Age-Spots

Pigment spots are caused by increased activity of melanocytes, the melanin-producing cells located in the basal layer of the epidermis. The major determinant of skin colour is not the number, but rather the activity of these melanocytes.
Within the melanocytes are pigment granules, called melanosomes, which contain tyrosinase (the pigmentation enzyme that is key to the melanin production) and synthesised melanin. These are transported from the melanocytes to keratinocytes – at approximately 30 keratinocytes per melanocyte.

 

 

Tyrosinase is the enzyme that forms melanin and in cases where the melanin-production is not inhibited, the dark spots appear.

Melanin absorbs the UV-radiation of the sun’s rays in order to protect the skin. Provided sun exposure is    limited, the result is an even tan.

However, if skin is exposed to too much sun, over a long period of time, the activity of melanocytes will increase and too much melanin will be produced. The result will be the appearance of age spots on the most commonly exposed areas, such as the face, hands and décolleté.

As skin ages, the number of melanocytes decreases but the remaining ones increase in size and their distribution becomes more focussed.

Regulation of the melanosomses also becomes less controlled. These physiological changes explain the increase of age spots in those over 40.

Finally, genetics can play a part in the development of age spots. If a parent or parents had age spots, there is a higher chance of them occurring in the next generation.

Adequate sun protection can avoid further hyper-pigmentation. Age spots can occur due to overproduction of melanin amongst others on the decollete.

Pore Size

What causes large pores?

So what exactly causes large pores? Dermatologists have studied several factors, and there are three main causes: oily skin, age and sex [source: British Journal of Dermatology].

Our bodies produce sebum, an oily substance we secrete to make the skin waterproof and to keep it from drying out. People who have naturally oily skin tend to have larger pores. This happens because when oil and dirt collect in your skin, your skin swells and your pores look larger than they normally would. Some people may also associate large pores with severe acne, but this isn't always the case. Even though people with oily skin tend to be prone to acne, that doesn't mean acne is a secondary factor in the appearance of large pores. One reason for the misconception may be that small divots formed by acne scarring may look like enlarged pores.

Another contributing factor is age. As you get older your skin loses its elasticity, which can cause your pores to look bigger. Sun damage, which typically accumulates with age - the older you are, the more you've been exposed to the sun - also affects the appearance of pores. It makes your skin thicken, causing skin cells to collect around the edges of your pores, which stretch them out.

Acne & Acne Scars

Who gets acne scars?

  • Some people are more likely to see scars when their acne clears. The risk increases when a person:
  • Has inflammatory (swollen, reddish, and painful) acne, such as acne cysts and nodules. This type of acne tends to penetrate deep into the skin, which damages the skin.
  • Delays or does not treat inflammatory acne. The longer a person has inflammatory acne, the greater the risk of scarring.
  • Picks, squeezes, or pops acne. This increases inflammation, which increases the risk of scarring.
  • Has a blood relative who developed acne scars. Genes play a large role.

Although we know what increases a person’s risk of developing acne scars, it is not possible to predict who will develop acne scars. Even people who have all the risk factors may not scar. It is, however, possible to prevent acne scars with effective acne treatment.

Waiting to treat acne until it becomes severe can lead to extensive scarring.

What causes acne scars?

When acne breakouts penetrate the skin deeply, they damage the skin and the tissue beneath it. As the acne clears, the body tries to repair this damage.

During the healing process, the body produces connective tissue — a substance that gives the skin support. If the body produces too little or too much connective tissue, you will see a scar.

The type of scar depends on how much connective tissue your body makes.

Depressed acne scars: If the body produces too little connective tissue, depressions or pits form as the skin heals.

Raised acne scars: Sometimes the body produces too much connective tissue as it tries to heal the skin and underlying tissue. When this happens, a person develops a raised acne scar. This type of acne scar is more common in people who have skin of colour like African Americans, Hispanics, and Asians.

Even when we do our best to prevent acne scars, some people scar. There are many treatment options, which can significantly diminish depressed and raised acne scars.

Skin Elasticity and Circulation

Causes of skin damage

Several factors can cause damage to the skin. A healthy, beautiful skin condition is unachievable with cosmetic alone, no matter how effective those cosmetics may be. To make the most of skincare cosmetics, one should first understand the factors that impair the skin beauty.

Three main factors of skin damage: The three main factors affecting skin beauty are UV rays, cold, and dryness.

Ultraviolet rays: Trigger pigmentation and thickening of the horny layer to protect the skin from further UV exposure lead to wrinkles and sagging in response to degeneration of connective tissue and elastin.

Ultraviolet rays from the sun come in three wavelengths: UVC (short-wavelength UV), UVB (medium-wavelength UV), and UVA (long-wavelength UV). UVC light is blocked by the ozone layer surrounding the earth. UVB light is blocked partially but can still damage the skin. UVA reaches the earth’s surface at full strength and damages the skin in several ways at once.

Effect of UVB rays

UVB rays penetrate the upper skin layers and cause acute inflammation, or what we know as sunburn. Several days later the inflammation turns into a suntan.

UVB has strong irritant effects on the skin: its capacity to cause inflammation is almost a thousand times greater than that of UVA. UVB also damages the DNA of epidermal cells. Continuous UV exposure over a long period not only causes deep wrinkles and dark spots, but can lead to skin cancer.

Effect of UVA rays

UVA isn’t as powerful as UVB, but it deeply penetrates the skin all the way into the subcutaneous tissue. Exposure to UVA triggers immediate pigment darkening.

Long-term exposure damages fibroblasts, connective tissue, and elastin. This results in a loss of skin firmness and resilience and induces deep wrinkles and dark spots. These changes associated with UVA exposure are known as “photo-ageing” in distinction to normal ageing.

Unlike UVB light, UVA can pass through ordinary window glass. Most UVA rays reach the earth’s surface even on cloudy days, steadily damaging the skin in a cumulative fashion in everyday life.

Effective use of sunscreen

The packages of cosmetics with UV block usually show two factors that indicate the strength of UV protection: SPF and PA factors. The SPF rating indicates the product’s strength in blocking UVB rays. The PA indicates its strength in blocking UVA.

Sunscreen should be applied evenly wherever the skin is exposed to sun. Remember that a single application is seldom enough: apply carefully every few hours for reliable protection against sunburn.

Cold

When cool breezes from air-conditioners or cold winter winds blow against the skin, the capillary vessels shrink. This slows down the blood circulation and metabolism, which causes chapping, fine lines, and skin dullness.

As a defence against the cold, the blood vessels of the skin contract in order to draw out warmer fluids flowing deeper inside the body. While this defence is effective in preventing cooling, it also impairs the blood circulation. The slowdown of blood flow inhibits the supply with oxygen and nutrients and the collection of carbon dioxide and waste products ejected from the cells.

To protect the skin against cold, as much of the body apart from the face should be protected in clothing. If possible, skin massage should be worked into the daily skincare routine to stimulate micro-circulation.

Dryness

Inside a room with heating or cooling, the dry air deprives the skin of moisture, which results in chapping, fine lines and dullness.

The capacity to maintain moisture declines as a person gets older. Moisturising skincare protects the skin from dryness and helps to preserve the youthfulness of the skin as the years go by. Moisturising can also prevent the skin inflammation accompanying dryness.

Facial Redness

Rosacea

One of the most common causes of a red face is a skin disorder called ‘rosacea’. About 10% of the population suffer from it. Rosacea (pronounced ‘rose-ay sha’) is a skin disorder. It can affect people of any age, but usually starts in the 30s and 40s. The skin of the nose, cheeks, chin and forehead becomes red. Instead of being smooth, the skin in the red areas may also feel slightly lumpy with acne-like spots. Tiny, spidery thread veins are often visible. There may also be a burning sensation. The eyelids are often inflamed (blepharitis). The eyes may feel dry, gritty and irritable.

Symptoms of rosacea:

  • Redness of nose, cheeks, chin and forehead
  • Small visible thread veins on the face
  • Bumps or pimples on the face
  • Irritated eyelids and dry, gritty eyes

People with rosacea often say that the problem started with flushing of the face, without sweating. The flushes may be triggered by hot or spicy food, alcohol, coffee, emotional upset, windy weather or exercise. Each flush lasts from a few minutes to an hour, and then goes away. This flushing stage can last for years, but then the face gradually becomes more permanently red, and the flushes lessen. (Of course this does not mean that if you have a tendency to blushing or flushing, you will develop a permanently red face – in most people blushing is not an early stage of rosacea.)

What causes rosacea? It is frustrating that the cause of rosacea has not been discovered. It is certainly not infectious, so you cannot catch it by skin contact with someone who has it. It may be partly genetic, because a rosacea-type red face seems to run in some families, and it is more common in fair-skinned individuals with Irish or Scottish ancestry.

Some researchers think that an allergy to a microscopic mite (Demodexfolliculorum) that lives in the hair follicles may be the cause. Other researchers have suggested that a reaction to the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, which many people carry in their stomach, is involved. Stress may be a factor, but no one really knows. In the past, ‘lifestyle’ factors, such as too much alcohol, have been blamed, but there is no evidence for this at all.

 

*Disclaimer

All our photographs of before and after treatment results are examples only, and do not constitute an implied or any other kind of guarantee of the result of treatment procedures. Results can vary significantly between our clients. All our treatment results are subject to the individualities of each client.

Furthermore, all treatment procedures carry potential risks and complications which are described in detail in our treatment consents forms. These may include, but are not limited to, bleeding, infection, asymmetry, dissatisfaction with the result and the expense of further treatments to manage a complication (patient forms). If you have any questions regarding these potential risks and complications. Please discuss them with our doctors or aesthetic therapist prior to treatments.

Before undergoing a treatment, please be sure that you understand that YOUR actual results will likely VARY SIGNIFICANTLY from other patient’s results, including their BEFORE & AFTER photos.

This is quite important to understand — that EVEN when you feel that you look very similar to another client in their BEFORE images, your results will likely vary significantly — because you are a unique person.  Every individual has NOT only a completely unique physique, but also uniquely individualistic body healing capacities, scarring tendencies and recovery processes — some of which are unpredictable even in very-healthy patients who rest adequately and do ALL the other right things before and after their procedure.

Please be noted, our doctors and aesthetic therapists offer you our highest expertise in our aesthetic procedures.

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