What is Endometriosis?
The endometrium is the lining of the uterus. This lining is shed once a month during menstruation, and then regrows. The condition known as endometriosis occurs when endometrial tissue starts to develop in other organs within the pelvis (such as the ovaries or Fallopian tubes), usually because it has been affected by hormones released during the menstrual cycle. Endometriosis may also develop outside the pelvis- the intestines are sometimes affected and the condition can reach as far as the abdominal cavity or even the lungs.
Signs and Symptoms
Typical symptoms of pelvic endometriosis include the following:
- Painful, heavy and irregular periods.
- Deep pain during sexual intercourse.
- Urinary discomfort.
First, our doctor will evaluate your symptoms when booking for a physical exam. Depending on the severity of your condition, the doctor will discuss and recommend the different treatment options available.
Treatment options available, includes medications, hormonal therapy may be used to suppress the menstrual cycle in order to reduce production of the estrogen on which endometrial tissue depends.
Surgical options will include a laparoscopy and removal of endometrial implants. Another surgical option includes a hysterectomy to remove the uterus and possible removal of the ovaries. Our doctor may recommend a Gynecology Specialists offering these minimally invasive procedures.
The decision about whether treatment is needed, and what type of treatment to choose, is different for every woman. Our doctor will discuss all of your options with you. Treatment options is based upon your personal preference and situation.