Biological Name: Arctium Lappa
Burdock root contains high amounts of inulin and mucilage. This may explain its soothing effects on the gastrointestinal tract. Bitter constituents in the root may also explain the traditional use of burdock to improve digestion. It also contains polyacetylenes that have been shown to have anti-microbial activity. Burdock root and fruit also have the ability to slightly lower blood sugar (hypoglycemic effect). Even though test-tube and animal studies have indicated some anti-tumor activity for burdock root, these results have not been duplicated in human studies.
Used to treat:
Assist with the treatment of skin irritation, excess water weight and backache
Burdock poultices have been used in the treatment of gout, severe bloody bruises and burns.
Recent scientific experiments have shown that burdock root extracts is a diuretic and inhibited tumors in animals. Extracts also lowered blood sugar and have estrogenic activity. It also has antibacterial and antifungal properties. The active antibacterial compound is identified as lactone.
The experiments show that burdock has potential in treatment of female complaints, in diabetes, and for bacterial or fungal infection.